Normally, steel bars have a 6m length. If length of a bar is not enough to keep the reinforcement, we have to lap  two steel bars. Normally, lapping position is at where near the minimum shear force is acting. Normally lap length is 50D meaning 50 times the bar diameter if both bars are of same diameter. When lapping two bars of different diameters, the lap length is considered as 50 times the smaller diameter.


Steel bar lapping in construction
Steel bar lapping in construction


Lap length = 50 X Diameter
Steel Lapping Formula Lap length = 50 X Diameter